How To Create Artificial Consciousness?
Human-Like conscious machines are machines or robots that behave the same way as human beings. However this subject is still a theory, researchers are making fast progress to reach a state where machines could possess consciousness.
First of all, what is “consciousness”?
In human beings, consciousness corresponds to a variety of human cognitive features such as autonomy, resilience, and attention. Furthermore, it is the way we perceive the world around us and the thinking process. Our emotions, feelings, and intentions are all related to our consciousness. However, Dr. Gary Schwartz, professor of psychology, medicine, neurology, psychiatry, and surgery at the University of Arizonait claims consciousness is not a byproduct of cognition. The source of consciousness is immaterial, and this phenomenon survives after death.
It is a huge challenge today for scientists to understand the nature of consciousness. There are two great unsolved issues: nature of consciousness? – Hard problem. And its role in controlling and planning behavior. Unfortunately, the possibility to solve the two aspects separately is very little. So can an AI machine become conscious?
So can we build Human-Like Conscious Machines?
It sounds complicated at first sight since we don’t know very much about the “consciousness phenomenon”. Besides that, researchers split into two groups including those who believe it’s possible to reach artificial consciousness and other who believe it’s completely impossible.
There’s no doubt that AI machines are growing more intelligent every year. Thus being able to do more complex work in which humans rely on them. Therefore we can just state that we already live with such intelligent machines. But supporting such machines with complexity and intelligence will not grant them the option to become conscious and self-aware.
For example, if you equip a robot with a camera and sufficient information about an individual object, let’s say a black box. The robot will figure out the color, exact location, dimensions, and distance related to the box. Thus, reveals accurate assumptions that the human brain lacks. But does this makes the robot conscious? The answer is “No” because whatever the number of artificial neurons is, and whatever the number of images provided to teach the robot is, it lacks the self-awareness toward the object that human beings possess. Thus the robot is unable with all its features to figure out any relation to the object not to its surroundings.
In my opinion, unless we uncover the mysteries surrounding consciousness, we are unable to build an AI conscious machine.
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