Combining Quantum Mechanics & General Relativity
General Relativity & Quantum Mechanics – QUANTUM MECHANICS put merely, has to do with the very small and minute. It deals with the behavior of minute substances such as light and matter on atomic and subatomic substances. And it attempts to describe matter and the interaction it undergoes with energy on an atomic and subatomic level. It also seeks to account for properties of molecules and atoms with their constituents, be it protons, electrons, or neutrons. It might also be other particles of esoteric qualities which might include quarks and even gluons.
While GENERAL RELATIVITY, a theory by Albert Einstein, predicts that the space-time around Earth would twist by the planet’s rotation. And not only that, the Space-time would also be warped. What this means is that Space-time is a dynamic entity which is distorted by the matter contained in it.
‘Quantum’ is Latin, meaning ‘how much’, and it refers to the smallest unit of matter and energy which are predictable. Funny enough, even Space and Time which appear continuous have their smallest available values. From this, we can deduce a simplified meaning that QUANTUM MECHANICS is the scientific study of the behavior of matter and energy at different levels. These levels might include the atomic, nuclear, molecular, and even other smaller microscopic levels. The birth of QUANTUM MECHANICS attributes to Max Planck’s 1900 paper on blackbody radiation. The study of QUANTUM MECHANICS has proven to be rewarding in many aspects. First, it has helped in understanding the essential methods, practices, and procedures of physics. Also, it has been immensely successful in giving correct results in practically all the situations it was applied to. The rate of success using this method has been unprecedented.
Albert Einstein in 1915 put forward his theory of GENERAL RELATIVITY, and it proposed that gravity was as a result of bending, twisting and warping of Spacetime. Stars and other planets are the entities that cause this warping. These ideas propelled him to worldwide fame, and today they have become the basis for the majority of our understanding of the universe we inhabit. This work introduced a new guide for all of the physics and proposed new concepts to space and time. This renowned theory breaks down the way objects behave in space and time. It is also a tool for prediction of most things, from the existence of black holes to the bending of light due to gravity, to the behavior of planets in Orbit. It generally consists of three fundamental rules:
First, every time you measure an object’s speed, momentum, it’s time measurement it must be in relation to something else. The second rule is that the speed of light is the same. This is irrespective of the person measuring it, or how fast the person measuring it is going. And the third of the three basic principles of GENERAL RELATIVITY is that nothing can travel faster than light. It means that the speed of light is the faster than whatsoever either sound or the blinking of the eye.
COMBINING QUANTUM MECHANICS AND GENERAL RELATIVITY TO ACHIEVE A THEORY OF EVERYTHING
The theory of everything is generally known to be a physical theory which is based on hypothesis. Its major purpose is to explain all known physical phenomena. It also poses as a hypothetical theory which is all-encompassing and a theoretical framework of physics. It is coherent thereby explaining and linking together all the physical aspects of the universe. A main problem of physics is what is known today as the Theory of Everything. There are two main theories which are similar to this theory, and these are QUANTUM MECHANICS and GENERAL RELATIVITY.
GENERAL RELATIVITY has its focus on gravity in order to understand the universe in regions of large-scale and mass.
QUANTUM MECHANICS is a framework which is based on theories thereby focusing on three forces which are non-gravitational. It understands the region, as well as, mass in small scales.
The theory of everything has the combination of the two theories which have been discussed earlier and also the two nuclear forces. These forces are the ‘weak’, and the ‘strong’ and they are only active within the nuclei of atoms. Despite the fact that GENERAL RELATIVITY and QUANTUM MECHANICS are two different theories, they found common grounds.
The nuclear forces, as well as, electromagnetism are all encompassed in QUANTUM MECHANICS. Each one is carried by a particle which is specialized, but for the force of gravity, there is no particle to carry it. One theory rules at the atomic scale and smaller while the other reigns supreme across the cosmos. Physicists are still making efforts to combine QUANTUM MECHANICS and the theory of GENERAL RELATIVITY in order to gain a common ground. According to Penrose, experiments have been carried out for decades on the combination. With a few tweaks, according to him, new revelations might emerge.